Zhao, A, & Kushnir, T. (2019). How children talk to children about moral, conventional, and personal choices. Cognitive Development, 52, DOI:10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.100804

Wente, A., Zhao, X, Gopnik, A. Kang, C., & Kushnir, T.  (2019). The Developmental and Cultural Origins of Our Beliefs About Self-Control. In Mele, A. (Ed) Surrounding Self Control.

Fedyk, M., Kushnir, T. & Xu, F. (forthcoming) Intuitive Epistemology and Children’s Theory of Evidence. In Samuels, R. & Wilkenfeld, D. Eds) Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Science.

Yu, Y., & Kushnir, T. (2019). The ontogeny of cumulative culture: Individual toddlers vary in faithful imitation and goal emulation. Developmental Science. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12862

Chernyak, N., Kang, C., & Kushnir, T. (2019). The cultural roots of free will beliefs: How Singaporean and U.S. children judge and explain possibilities for action in interpersonal contexts. Developmental Psychology, 55(4), 866–876. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000670

Flanagan T. & Kushnir, T. (2019). Individual differences in fluency with idea generation predict children’s beliefs in their own free will. In A.K. Goel, C.M. Seifert, & C. Freksa (Eds.) Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. PAGES). Montreal, QB: Cognitive Science Society.

Varhol A., Kushnir, T. & Koenig, M. (2019). Preschoolers' Evaluations of Ignorant Agents are Situation-Specific. In A.K. Goel, C.M. Seifert, & C. Freksa (Eds.) Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. PAGES). Montreal, QB: Cognitive Science Society.

Zhao A. & Kushnir, T. (2019). She Helped Even Though She Wanted to Play: Children Consider Psychological Cost in Social Evaluations. In A.K. Goel, C.M. Seifert, & C. Freksa (Eds.) Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. PAGES). Montreal, QB: Cognitive Science Society.

Kushnir, T. (2018) Developmental and cultural psychology of free will. Philosophy Compass. DOI:10.1111/phc3.12529

Eason, A. E., Doctor, D., Chang, E., Kushnir, T., & Sommerville, J. A. (2018). The choice is yours: Infants’ expectations about an agent’s future behavior based on taking and receiving actions. Developmental Psychology, 54(5), 829-841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000482

Van de Vondervoort, J. W., Aknin, L. B., Kushnir, T., Slevinsky, J., & Hamlin, J. K. (2018). Selectivity in toddlers’ behavioral and emotional reactions to prosocial and antisocial others. Developmental Psychology, 54(1), 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000404

Chernyak, N. & Kushnir, T. (2018) The influence of understanding and having choice on children's prosocial behavior. Current Opinion in Psychology. 20, 107-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.043

Zhao, A. & Kushnir, T. (2018). Young Children Consider Individual Authority and Collective Agreement When Deciding Who Can Change Rules. Special Issue: Early Development of the Normative Mind, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 165, 101-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2017.04.004

Kushnir, T., & Koenig, M. A. (2017). What I Don’t Know Won’t Hurt You: The Relation Between Professed Ignorance and Later Knowledge Claims. Developmental Psychology. 53(5), 826-835. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000294. 

Chernyak, N., Trieu, B. & Kushnir, T. (2017). Preschoolers' selfish sharing is reduced by prior experience with proportional generosity. Open Mind. doi:10.1162/OPMI_a_00004.

Vredenburgh, C., Yu, Y., & Kushnir, T. (2016). Young Children’s Flexible Social Cognition and Sensitivity to Context Facilitates Their Learning. In Sommerville J. & Decety J. (Eds.). Social Cognition: Development Across the Life Span. Taylor & Francis.

Yu, Y & Kushnir, T. (2016). When what’s inside counts: Sequence of demonstrated actions affects preschooler’s categorization by non-obvious properties. Developmental Psychology, 52(3). 400-410. doi:10.1037/dev0000088

Kushnir, T. & Gelman, S. A. (2016). Translating testimonial claims into evidence for category-based induction. Papafragou, A., Grodner, D., Mirman, D., & Trueswell, J.C. (Eds.) (2016). Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Zhao, A. & Kushnir, T. (2016). Children’s Awareness of Authority to Change Rules in Various Social Contexts. Papafragou, A., Grodner, D., Mirman, D., & Trueswell, J.C. (Eds.) (2016). Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Wente, A., Ting, T., Aboody, R., Kushnir, T., & Gopnik A. (2016). The Relationship Between Inhibitory Control and Free Will Beliefs in 4-to 6-Year-Old-Children. Papafragou, A., Grodner, D., Mirman, D., & Trueswell, J.C. (Eds.) (2016). Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Wellman, H. M., Kushnir, T., Xu, F. & Brink, K. (2016).  Infants Use Statistical Sampling to Understand the Psychological World. Infancy. 21(5), 668-676. doi:10.1111/infa.12131 

Vredenburgh, C. & Kushnir, T. (2016). Young Children’s Help-Seeking As Information Gathering. Cognitive Science. 40(3), 697-722 doi:10.1111/cogs.12245 

Josephs, M, Kushnir, T., Gräfenhain, M., & Rakoczy, H. (2016) Children protest moral and conventional violations more when they believe actions are freely chosen. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.  141, pp. 247-255. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.08.002

Yu, Y. & Kushnir, T. (2015). Understanding young children’s imitative behavior from an individual differences perspective. Noelle, D. C., Dale, R., Warlaumont, A. S., Yoshimi, J., Matlock, T., Jennings, C. D., & Maglio, P. P. (Eds.) (2015). Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Koenig, M., Cole, C., Meyer, M., Ridge, K., Kushnir, T. & Gelman, S. (2015). Reasoning about knowledge: Children's evaluations of generality and verifiability. Cognitive Psychology, 83, 22-39. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2015.08.007

Kortenaar, M., Sribarra, A. & Kushnir, T. (2015). Engaging parents in early childhood learning: An issue of civic importance. Science Education and Civic Engagement, Summer Issue, 28-30.

Vredenburgh C, Kushnir T, Casasola M. (2015). Pedagogical cues encourage toddlers’ transmission of recently demonstrated functions to unfamiliar adults. Developmental Science 18(4):645-654. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12233

Kushnir, T., Gopnik, A., Chernyak, N., Seiver, E., & Wellman, H. M. (2015). Developing intuitions about free will between ages 4 and 6. Cognition.138, 79-101. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.01.003

Deisendruck, G. Salzer, S., Kushnir, T, & Xu, F. (2015) When choices aren't personal: The effect of statistical and social cues on children's inferences about the scope of preferences. Journal of Cognition and Development. 16(2), 370-380. doi: 10.1080/15248372.2013.84887

Gopnik, A. & Kushnir, T. (2014). The Origins and Development of Our Conception of Free Will. In A. Mele (ed) Surrounding Free Will. Oxford University Press.

Fedyk, M. & Kushnir, T. (2014). Development links psychological causes to evolutionary explanations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37(2), 142-14. doi:10.1017/S0140525X1300201X .

Lucas, C. G., Griffiths, T. L., Xu, F., Fawcett, C., Gopnik, A., Kushnir, T. Markson, L. (2014). The child as econometrician: A rational model of preference understanding in children. PLOS ONE, 9(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092160

Chernyak, N., Kushnir, T. (2014). The self as a moral agent: Preschoolers behave morally but believe in the freedom to do otherwise. Journal of cognition and development, 15(3), 453-464. doi: 10.1080/15248372.2013.77784

Yu, Y. & Kushnir, T. (2014).  Social Context Effects in 2- and 4-year-olds' Selective Versus Faithful Imitation. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 922–933. doi: 10.1037/a0034242 

Chernyak, N. & Kushnir, T. (2013). Giving preschoolers choice increases sharing behavior. Psychological Science, 24 (10), 1971-1979. doi:10.1177/0956797613482335 

Chernyak, N., Kushnir, T., Sullivan, K., & Wang, Q. (2013). A comparison of American and Nepalese children's concepts of freedom of choice and social constraint. Cognitive Science, 37 (7), 1343-55. doi: 10.1111/cogs.12046 .

Sobel, D. M. & Kushnir, T. (2013). Knowledge matters: How children evaluate the reliability of testimony as a process of rational inference. Psychological Review, 120 (4), 779-797. doi:10.1037/a0034191  

Kushnir, T. (2013). How children learn from and about people: The fundamental link between social cognition and statistical evidence. In M. Banaji and S. Gelman (eds). The development of social cognition. Oxford University Press. 

Kushnir, T., Vredenburgh, C., & Schneider, L. A. (2013).  “Who can help me fix this toy?:” The distinction between causal expertise and conventional knowledge guides preschoolers’ causal learning from informants. Developmental Psychology. 49(3), 446-453. doi:10.1037/a0031649 

Xu, F. & Kushnir, T. (2013). Infants are rational constructivist learners. Current directions in psychological science. 22(1) 28–32. doi:10.1177/0963721412469396 

Xu, F. & Kushnir, T. Eds (2012). Advances in Child Development and Behavior Volume 43: Rational Constructivism in Cognitive Development. Waltham, MA: Academic Press.

Kushnir, T. (2012). Developing a concept of choice.  In Xu, F. & Kushnir, T (eds), Advances in Child Development and Behavior: Rational Constructivism in Cognitive Development. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. 

Kortenaar, M., Kushnir, T. and Trautmann. C. (2012) The Curiosity Corner: A Place for Young Scientists to Explore and Learn. Informal Learning Review. 

Yu, Y. & Kushnir T. (2011). It’s all about the game: Infants’ action strategies during imitation are influenced by their prior expectations.  Proceedings of the 33rd annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Chernyak, N., Kushnir, T., Wang, Q. & Sullivan, K. (2011). A Comparison of Nepalese and American Children’s Concepts of Free Will.  Proceedings of the 33rd annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

Kushnir, T. & Chernyak, N. (2010). Understanding the adult moralist requires first understanding the child scientist. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33 (4), 343-344. doi:10.1017/S0140525X10002037 

Chernyak, N., Kushnir, T., Wellman, H. M. (2010).  Developing notions of free will: Preschoolers understanding of how intangible constraints bind their freedom of choice. In Camtrabone, R. and Ohlsson, S. (Eds), Proceedings of the 32nd annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 2601-2606. 

Kushnir, T., Xu, F. & Wellman, H. M. (2010). Young children use statistical sampling to infer the preferences of other people. Psychological Science, 21, 1134-1140. doi:10.1177/0956797610376652 

Kushnir, T., Gopnik, A., Lucas, C., & Schulz, L. E. (2010).  Inferring hidden causal structure. Cognitive Science, 34, 148-160. doi:10.1111/j.1551-6709.2009.01072.x 

Kushnir, T., Wellman, H. M. & Chernyak, N. (2009).  Preschoolers' Understanding of Freedom of Choice. In Taatgen, N. and van Rijn, H. (Eds), Proceedings of the 31st annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. 87-92. 

Kushnir, T., Wellman, H. M. & Gelman, S. A. (2009).  A self-agency bias in children’s causal inferences. Developmental Psychology, 45 (2), 597-603. doi:10.1037/a0014727 

Kushnir, T., Wellman, H. M. & Gelman, S. A.(2008).  The role of preschoolers’ social understanding in evaluating the informativeness of causal interventions. Cognition. 107 (3), 1084-1092. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2007.10.004 

Kushnir, T. & Gopnik, A. (2007).  Conditional probability versus spatial contiguity in causal learning: Preschoolers use new contingency evidence to overcome prior spatial assumptions. Developmental Psychology, 44, 186-196. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.43.1.186 

Schulz, L. E., Kushnir, T., & Gopnik, A. (2007). Learning from doing: Interventions and causal inference.  In A. Gopnik & L. E. Schulz (Eds.), Causal Learning; Psychology, Philosophy and Computation, 67-86.  New York: Oxford University Press. 

Sobel, D. M. & Kushnir, T. (2006). The importance of decision-making in causal learning from interventions. Memory & Cognition, 34. 411-419. 

Kushnir T. & Gopnik, A., (2005). Children infer causal strength from probabilities and interventions. Psychological Science, 16, 678-683. 

Gopnik, A., Glymour, C., Sobel, D., Schulz, L.E., Kushnir, T., & Danks, D. (2004). A theory of causal learning in children: Causal maps and Bayes nets. Psychological Review, 111 (1), 3-32.